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Africa Overview

Country Name Capital Population (million) Area (sq km)
Algeria Algiers 2 950 2 381 741
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 1 110 274 200
Madagascar Tana Na Rifamycin 1 580 627 000
Egypt Cairo 6 450 1 002 000
Burundi Buchon busa 640 27 834
Equatorial Guinea Malabo 42 28 051
Togo Lome 430 56 600
Angola Luanda 1 160 1 246 700
Ethiopia Addis Ababa 5 865 1 103 600
Nigeria Abuja 11 840 923 768
South Africa Pretoria 4 330 1 221 037
Senegal Daccord 880 196 722
Cape Verde Praia 40.6 4 033
Sao Tome and Principe Sao 12.9 1 001
Swaziland Mbabane 96.6 17 363
Niger Niamey 570 1 267 627
Mauritius Port Louis 113 2 040
Guinea-Bissau Bissau 110 36 125
Eritrea Asmara 353 125 000
Tanzania Dar es Salaam 3 150 945 087
Sudan Kasi Mu 3 000 2 505 813
Guinea Kenakeli 760 245 857
The Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro 1 430 322 463
Chad N'Djamena 670 1 284 000
Comoros Moroni 65.1 2 235
Sierra Leone Gordon Foley 451 72 326
Middle Africa Bangui 340 622 984
Zambia Lusaka 965 752 614
Uganda Kampala 2 080 241 038
Mauritania Nouakchott 240 1 030 000
Libya Tripoli 580 1 759 540
Cameroon Yaounde 1 390 475 422
Djibouti Djibouti 62.3 23 200
Liberia Monrovia 276 111 370
Zimbabwe Harare 1 170 390 759
Congo Brazzaville 267.9 342 000
Mali Bamako 1 150 1 241 238
Lesotho Maseru 210 30 344
Gabon Libreville 132 267 667
Congo (K) Kinshasa 342 000 267.9
Morocco Rabat 2 750 459 000
Gambia Banjul 117 10 380
Ghana Accra 1 830 239 460
Kenya Nairobi 3 052 582 646
Malawi Lilongwe 1 010 118 484
Namibia Wende and gram 162 824 269
Seychelles Victoria 7.6 455
Botswana Harbo Luo Nei 4 330 581 730
Mozambique Maputo 1 830 799 380
Benin Porto-Novo 430 56 600
Rwanda Kigali 801 26 338
Somalia Mogadishu 1 020 637 657
Tunisia Tunisia 930 164 150

Name: afrika Island, referred to as Africa.


Location: Located in the southwest of the Eastern Hemisphere, north and south across the equator, stretching from north-western parts of the Western Hemisphere. East Indian Ocean, west Atlantic Ocean, north across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean and across Europe, Dongbei Yu in order to narrow the Red Sea and the Suez Canal, next to Asia.

Area: about 3020 million square kilometers (including nearby islands). The world's total land area of about 20.2%, behind Asia, the world's second largest continent.


Scope: mainland east Hafun angle (longitude 51 ° 24 ', latitude 10 ° 27'), south to Cape Agulhas (longitude 20 ° 02 ', latitude 34 ° 51'), west to Cape Verde ( W 17 ° 33 ', latitude 14 ° 45'), north to Guillain-angle (angle of the race card) (N 9 ° 50 ', latitude 37 ° 21').


Geographical regions: Africa currently has 53 countries. In addition, also included the British Indian Ocean Territory, French Southern Territories as well as the Western Sahara, Reunion, Saint Helena, the Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira Islands, and other regions. Geographically, the habit of Africa is divided into North, East, West Africa, Central and South Africa in five areas. North Africa, usually including Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, the Azores, Madeira Islands. East Africa usually include Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Seychelles. West Africa usually include Mauritania, Western Sahara, Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria and processing it Canary Islands. Central Africa usually include Chad, Central Africa, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sao Tome and Principe. South Africa usually include Zambia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Reunion, Saint Helena and so on.


Residents: more than 800 million people, accounting for 13.5% of the total number of the world's population, second only to Asia, ranking second in the world. Africa's population, fertility, mortality and growth rates, ranking the forefront of the world's continents. Population distribution is extremely uneven, the Nile Delta and the coastal region, per square kilometer in about 1 000 persons. Sahara, Namib, Kgalagadi and other deserts, and some dry steppe, semi-desert areas less than 1 person per square kilometer. There are large areas of no man's land. Race: Africa is the world's most complex ethnic composition of the region. The majority of African nations belong to black and the rest are white, and yellow.

Language: there are about 800 African languages. Generally divided into Semitic including language, Sudanese, Bantu languages, and Indo-European four languages.


Religion: African people believe in primitive religion and Islam more than a few people believed in Catholicism and Protestantism.


Natural Resources: Africa has many kinds of proven mineral resources, large reserves. Oil and natural gas rich; iron, manganese, chromium, cobalt, nickel, vanadium, copper, lead, zinc, tin, large reserves of phosphate, etc.; gold, diamond prestigious; uranium veins have been found, have attracted worldwide attention. Many mineral reserves among the world's forefront. Plants in Africa there are at least more than 40 000. Forest area accounts for 21% of the total area of Africa. Rich mahogany, ebony, rosewood, copal tree, ebony, camphor trees, mangrove trees, walnut, yellow lacquered, cork oak and other economic trees. Vast grassland area accounts for 27% of Africa's total area, ranking first in every continent. Abundant water resources that can be developed. Coastal areas rich in sardines, tuna, mackerel, whales and so on.


Economic summary: Industrial Africa is the world's lowest levels of economic development continents. Most of the country's economic backwardness. The mining industry and light industry, the main sectors in Africa. Gold, diamond, iron, manganese, apatite, bauxite, copper, uranium, tin, petroleum production in the world, occupies an important position. To agricultural and livestock products, light industry, textiles as the main. Timber industry has a solid foundation, lumber plant more. Heavy industry, metallurgy, machinery, metal processing, chemical and cement, marble, collect and process, diamond polish and rubber products sectors. The national economy of agriculture in African countries occupy an important position is the majority of the country's economic mainstay. A wide range of food crops in Africa, there are wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, potatoes, etc., as well as specialty cassava, plantains, dates, Yaro, plantain and other food. Africa's economic crops, especially tropical cash crops occupy an important position in the world, cotton, sisal, peanuts, oil palm, cashew nuts, sesame, coffee, cocoa, sugar cane, tobacco, natural rubber, cloves have a high output. Frankincense, myrrh, Carritt fruit, Corazon, Alfa grass is peculiar to Africa crops. Rapid development of animal husbandry, animal numbers more, but the low rate of livestock commodities, operating extensive backward. Rich fishery resources and fishery production, but still at the stage of manual operation, in recent years, rapid development of freshwater fisheries. Africa is the world's transportation as a relatively backward continent, have not formed a complete transportation system. Most of the traffic lines stretch from the coastal ports in the Mainland, to isolate each other. Dominated by road transport, while rail, sea, etc.. Republic of South Africa, the Maghreb and other regions in Africa transport more developed areas. Sahara, Kgalagadi and other areas are no modern transportation routes blank area. Currently there are roads in Africa is about more than 130 million km, the railway is about 78,000 km. Inland navigable mileage of about 52,000 km. Shipping industry accounts for an important position. The aviation industry developed rapidly.

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