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Location: Located in the southwest of the Eastern Hemisphere, north and south across the equator, stretching from north-western parts of the Western Hemisphere. East Indian Ocean, west Atlantic Ocean, north across the Strait of Gibraltar and the Mediterranean and across Europe, Dongbei Yu in order to narrow the Red Sea and the Suez Canal, next to Asia.
Scope: mainland east Hafun angle (longitude 51 ° 24 ', latitude 10 ° 27'), south to Cape Agulhas (longitude 20 ° 02 ', latitude 34 ° 51'), west to Cape Verde ( W 17 ° 33 ', latitude 14 ° 45'), north to Guillain-angle (angle of the race card) (N 9 ° 50 ', latitude 37 ° 21').
Geographical regions: Africa currently has 53 countries. In addition, also included the British Indian Ocean Territory, French Southern Territories as well as the Western Sahara, Reunion, Saint Helena, the Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira Islands, and other regions. Geographically, the habit of Africa is divided into North, East, West Africa, Central and South Africa in five areas. North Africa, usually including Egypt, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, the Azores, Madeira Islands. East Africa usually include Ethiopia, Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and Seychelles. West Africa usually include Mauritania, Western Sahara, Senegal, Gambia, Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Niger, Nigeria and processing it Canary Islands. Central Africa usually include Chad, Central Africa, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Sao Tome and Principe. South Africa usually include Zambia, Angola, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Lesotho, Madagascar, Comoros, Mauritius, Reunion, Saint Helena and so on.
Residents: more than 800 million people, accounting for 13.5% of the total number of the world's population, second only to Asia, ranking second in the world. Africa's population, fertility, mortality and growth rates, ranking the forefront of the world's continents. Population distribution is extremely uneven, the Nile Delta and the coastal region, per square kilometer in about 1 000 persons. Sahara, Namib, Kgalagadi and other deserts, and some dry steppe, semi-desert areas less than 1 person per square kilometer. There are large areas of no man's land. Race: Africa is the world's most complex ethnic composition of the region. The majority of African nations belong to black and the rest are white, and yellow.
Natural Resources: Africa has many kinds of proven mineral resources, large reserves. Oil and natural gas rich; iron, manganese, chromium, cobalt, nickel, vanadium, copper, lead, zinc, tin, large reserves of phosphate, etc.; gold, diamond prestigious; uranium veins have been found, have attracted worldwide attention. Many mineral reserves among the world's forefront. Plants in Africa there are at least more than 40 000. Forest area accounts for 21% of the total area of Africa. Rich mahogany, ebony, rosewood, copal tree, ebony, camphor trees, mangrove trees, walnut, yellow lacquered, cork oak and other economic trees. Vast grassland area accounts for 27% of Africa's total area, ranking first in every continent. Abundant water resources that can be developed. Coastal areas rich in sardines, tuna, mackerel, whales and so on.
Economic summary: Industrial Africa is the world's lowest levels of economic development continents. Most of the country's economic backwardness. The mining industry and light industry, the main sectors in Africa. Gold, diamond, iron, manganese, apatite, bauxite, copper, uranium, tin, petroleum production in the world, occupies an important position. To agricultural and livestock products, light industry, textiles as the main. Timber industry has a solid foundation, lumber plant more. Heavy industry, metallurgy, machinery, metal processing, chemical and cement, marble, collect and process, diamond polish and rubber products sectors. The national economy of agriculture in African countries occupy an important position is the majority of the country's economic mainstay. A wide range of food crops in Africa, there are wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, potatoes, etc., as well as specialty cassava, plantains, dates, Yaro, plantain and other food. Africa's economic crops, especially tropical cash crops occupy an important position in the world, cotton, sisal, peanuts, oil palm, cashew nuts, sesame, coffee, cocoa, sugar cane, tobacco, natural rubber, cloves have a high output. Frankincense, myrrh, Carritt fruit, Corazon, Alfa grass is peculiar to Africa crops. Rapid development of animal husbandry, animal numbers more, but the low rate of livestock commodities, operating extensive backward. Rich fishery resources and fishery production, but still at the stage of manual operation, in recent years, rapid development of freshwater fisheries. Africa is the world's transportation as a relatively backward continent, have not formed a complete transportation system. Most of the traffic lines stretch from the coastal ports in the Mainland, to isolate each other. Dominated by road transport, while rail, sea, etc.. Republic of South Africa, the Maghreb and other regions in Africa transport more developed areas. Sahara, Kgalagadi and other areas are no modern transportation routes blank area. Currently there are roads in Africa is about more than 130 million km, the railway is about 78,000 km. Inland navigable mileage of about 52,000 km. Shipping industry accounts for an important position. The aviation industry developed rapidly.